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Vampire Symbol Google Translate

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Vampire Symbol

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MR. MONEY Nicht notwendigerweise eine deutsche Vampire Symbol haben, es muss aber 50€ Paysafecard.

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The Power of the Vampire Myth Name erforderlich. Learn More - opens in a new window or tab. Du kommentierst mit Deinem Facebook-Konto. Learn how your comment data is processed. Email to friends Share on Facebook - opens in a new window or tab Share on Twitter - opens in a new window or tab Share on Pinterest - opens in a new window or tab Watch this item. Watch this item Watching Watch Beste Spielothek in Parleithen finden is full. Business Stadion Hertha Bsc Berlin information. Postcode: Please enter a valid postcode. It is widely accepted that there are thirteen clans with thirteen founders, though not all of them are technically Antediluvian. There are many documented cases of families disinterring loved ones and removing their hearts Plz Bad Steben the belief that the deceased was a vampire who was responsible for sickness and death in the family, although the term "vampire" was never used to describe the dead. Anthropology Vampire Symbol Humanism. This an old topic so I hope people don't mind me replying to it but I've been having trouble finding the main game symbols used for the World of Darkness lines. They also placed hawthorn in the corpse's sock or drove a hawthorn stake Postkarten FГјr Gewinnspiele the legs. When the son refused, he Beste Spielothek in Heinade finden found dead the following day. Tachles: Vampires, Einstein and Jewish Folklore". Casus Belli in French. They also become more susceptible to mind control by that vampire and are willing to do anything, even risk their own life, to aid their regnant.

Steindl discovered in the historical inspiration for Bram Stoker's legendary Dracula character see also Literature - Bram Stoker: Dracula's Guest [] : " Many experts believe, the deleted opening was actually based on a woman.

Archaeologists, historians, and forensic scientists revisit the days of vampire hysteria in the eighteenth-century Czech Republic and re-open the unholy grave of dark princess Eleonore von Schwarzenberg.

They uncover her story, once buried and long forgotten, now raised from the dead. This increase of interest in vampiric plotlines led to the vampire being depicted in films such as Underworld and Van Helsing , the Russian Night Watch and a TV miniseries remake of Salem's Lot , both from The series Blood Ties premiered on Lifetime Television in , featuring a character portrayed as Henry Fitzroy, an illegitimate-son-of- Henry-VIII-of-England -turned-vampire, in modern-day Toronto , with a female former Toronto detective in the starring role.

It featured an unconventional trio of a vampire, a werewolf and a ghost who are sharing a flat in Bristol. The continuing popularity of the vampire theme has been ascribed to a combination of two factors: the representation of sexuality and the perennial dread of mortality.

The role-playing game Vampire: The Masquerade has been influential upon modern vampire fiction and elements of its terminology, such as embrace and sire , appear in contemporary fiction.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see Vampire disambiguation. Mythological or folkloric creature. See also: List of vampires in folklore.

Further information: List of vampire traits in folklore and fiction. Garlic, Bibles, crucifixes, rosaries, holy water, and mirrors have all been seen in various folkloric traditions as means of warding against or identifying vampires.

Main article: Vampire folklore by region. Main article: Vampire lifestyle. See also: Psychic vampirism.

Main article: Vampire bat. See also: List of fictional vampires. Main article: Vampire literature.

Main article: Vampire films. Main article: Vampires in games. New York: Limelight Editions. Scientific American.

Archived from the original on 26 January Retrieved 26 January Simpson; E. Weiner, eds. Oxford English Dictionary 2nd ed.

Oxford: Clarendon Press. Haskell Ed. Turnhout: Brepols Publishers. Leipzig: S. Hirzel —" in German. Archived from the original on 26 September Retrieved 13 June Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary.

Archived from the original on 14 June Paris: Librairie Larousse. Mify Narodov Mira in Russian. Sovetskaya Entsiklopediya: Moscow. Retrieved 28 February Archived from the original on 25 February Cahiers Slaves in French.

Archived from the original on 12 January Retrieved 29 December The Reader's Digest Book of strange stories, amazing facts: stories that are bizarre, unusual, odd, astonishing, incredible London: Reader's Digest.

Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Testamento del paisa in Spanish 7th ed. Australia: Pancake. An Encyclopaedia of Occultism. New Hyde Parks: University Books.

Witchcraft and Magic in the Nordic Middle Ages. University of Pennsylvania Press. Die Bestattung in Litauen in der vorgeschichtlichen Zeit in German.

Journal of the Gypsy Lore Society. Mitteilungen der Schlesischen Gesellschaft für Volkskunde in German. The Element Encyclopedia of Vampires.

HarperCollins UK. Aberglaube und Stafrecht in German. Handwörterbuch des deutschen Aberglaubens in German. Wiener Völkerkundliche Mitteilungen in German.

BBC News. Retrieved 22 October News , archived ; also by Reuters, published under the headline "Researchers find remains that support medieval 'vampire'" in The Australian , 13 March , archived with photo scroll down.

In Search of Dracula. Houghton Mifflin. London: Tylston and Edwards. Retrieved 28 September Tachles: Vampires, Einstein and Jewish Folklore".

Retrieved 5 December The Greek Myths. London: Penguin. Transactions and Proceedings of the American Philological Association.

Historia rerum Anglicarum. Fordham University. Retrieved 16 October Folklore : Preternature: Critical and Historical Studies on the Preternatural.

The New Annotated Dracula. New York: W. Real cities: modernity, space and the phantasmagorias of city life. London: Sage Publications Ltd.

Belgium: Peteers, Bondgenotenlaan METAphor 3 : Retrieved 20 November John Hunt Publishing. A Critical Edition.

In Modern English. The vampire book: The encyclopedia of the undead. Visible Ink Press, Glava Historie des vampires: Autopsie d'un mythe. Paris: Imago.

Sang pour Sang. De servorum Dei beatificatione et sanctorum canonizatione. Pars prima. Archives Internationales d'Histoire des Sciences.

Philosophical Dictionary. Anthropology of Consciousness. Chile: Ediciones de la Voz de Chiloe. American Journal of Physical Anthropology. Anthropology and Humanism.

Kwaidan: Stories and Studies of Strange Things. Boston: Houghton, Mifflin and Company. Creatures of Philippine Lower Mythology. Quezon: Phoenix Publishing.

American Ethnologist. Hong Kong: Joint Publishing H. The Religious System of China. CineAction 78 : 46— Draculas, Vampires, and Other Undead Forms.

London: Gothic Press. The Guardian. Retrieved 5 October The Independent. Retrieved 14 December VICE News. Retrieved 2 January Pullout From Southern Malawi".

The New York Times. Archived from the original on 20 October Retrieved 20 October Popular spiritualities: The politics of contemporary enchantment.

Burlington, Ashgate Publishing. Dance Research. Woodbury MN: Llewellyn Worldwide. Skeptical Inquirer.

Archived from the original on 1 July Retrieved 29 June The Straight Dope. Chicago Reader. Retrieved 25 December The Mississauga News online.

Retrieved 9 November Retrieved 18 March Journal of Abnormal Psychology. Durham, NC. Archived from the original PDF on 28 January Dialectical Anthropology.

Stockholms spökhus och andra ruskiga ställen in Swedish. Raben Prisma. Vampyres among us! Roter Drache. Symbolic and Mythological Animals.

London: Aquarian Press. American College of Heraldry. Retrieved 30 April Retrieved 1 November Smithsonian Channel Documentaries: Season Retrieved 8 January Slate Magazine.

Retrieved 17 July Twenty-First-Century Monsters. New York: Taylor, pp. Retrieved 8 August Dreaming of being lured by a vampire indicates sexual tensions between you and your crush in your waking life.

You are sexually attracted to someone in your waking life and this feeling is now frustrating you. If you dream of dating a vampire, it means that someone either your lover or a friend may cause harm to you in the coming time.

Symbolism: A vampire represents sexual feelings, fear, surrendering, negativity, darkness and even death. If you fear the presence of a vampire around you in your dream, you have a secret in your waking life.

You are protecting this secret since a long time now because it can negatively affect your relationship. Dreaming of willingly feeding your blood to the vampire indicates your foolishness.

You are not happy in your current relationship, yet you are holding on to it. I've uploaded the updated symbols for the seven clans featured in V5 -- the same seven found in Bloodlines -- as well as the new general Vampire ankh and the new Camarilla ankh.

Also the new Anarch ankh, but that's low-res for the moment So if anyone's doing a mod that takes place c. I was literally just now sewing down a Malkavian patch I made.

Quote from: IanW on July 30, , am. Quote from: Wesp5 on July 30, , am. Game Files. Bloodlines Redemption.

SimplePortal 2. Logged Ian A. The ankh right at the beginning of VTM symbols page is the one currently used to represent the game lines.

Previous versions of Vampire used other ankhs which were later adopted for sects. You'll notice the ankh used for Vampire Revised and Bloodlines is currently listed for the Independent clans.

Vampire's 2nd Edition used the ankh currently listed for the Camarilla. The bottom of the page has a navbar which links to similar collections of symbols for other game lines.

Werewolf uses the orangeish claw swipe at the top. Mage uses the symbol of the Prime Sphere. Wraith didn't really have a defined distinct symbol for the line as a whole, or at least nothing which was used as often as other game lines did, but the symbol of the Lifeweb Arcanos was often used for this purpose.

Changeling used the Fae Realm. Logged If you love something let it go. When it did, it was often the symbol for "protected," which sort of looks like a targeting reticle.

Logged I'm why we can't have nice things. Huh, why did they make some of them more white compared to the old ones, like for Malkavian, Nosferatu and Tremere?

That would certainly look weird in a computer game setting! I have no idea, sorry; you'd have to ask White Wolf.

Vampire: Die Maskerade. (Allgemeine Symbole); Die Clans; Die Blutlinien; Die Varianten; Die Antitribu. Wenn ihr ein Symbol mit einer anderen. Katze, Vampire, Halloween Symbol in Halloween Cat Icons ✓ Finden Sie das perfekte Symbol für Ihr Projekt und laden Sie sie in SVG, PNG, ICO oder ICNS. Calavera Tattoo · Tatoo · Dibujo. Vampire Symbol Tattoo Vorlagen, Tattoo Ideen, Fingertätowierungen, Körperkunst Tattoos, Ärmeltätowierungen, Neue. Finden Sie tolle Angebote für BRONZE Damen Hoodie Sweatshirt The Buffy Club Symbol Sign Logo Bar Vampire. Kaufen Sie mit Vertrauen bei eBay! Finden Sie tolle Angebote für Be Positive Partnership I Zipper Hoodie The Vampire Strain Symbol Logo Company. Kaufen Sie mit Vertrauen bei eBay! Local police stated that no such crime had been reported and that the case appears to be an urban legend. Retrieved 25 December When it did, it was often the symbol for "protected," which sort of looks like a targeting reticle. The charismatic and sophisticated vampire of modern fiction was born Lottoland Bewertung with the publication of " The Vampyre " by the English writer John Polidori ; the story was highly successful and arguably the most influential vampire work of the early 19th century. McGraw Hill. Laws and norms concerning Beste Spielothek in WeiГџenbrГјchen finden place of vampires within the mortal world, feeding, the treatment of vessels, vampiric morality, secrecy, feeding grounds, Gehenna and the distribution of power form the Vampire Symbol of these divisions. Retrieved 2 January Vampire Symbol

This an old topic so I hope people don't mind me replying to it but I've been having trouble finding the main game symbols used for the World of Darkness lines.

So for example I know Vampire the Masquerade uses an Ankh as its symbol one that's different to those used by the Sects in game but the other's I'm not sure.

I think Werewolf: The Apocalypse is claw marks though. Quote from: The Shadow Man on March 15, , pm.

Like Wraith, Hunter the Reckoning also doesn't use a specific symbol for the entirety of the game line.

At least none that I'm aware of. If you love something let it go. If it doesn't return, hunt it down and kill it.

Quote from: WhiteRussian on March 17, , am. Always thought Rich Thomas outdid himself when it came to the designs of the vast majority of the WoD symbols.

A lot of people with WoD tattoos owe a lot of money to that man. I see that makes everything clearler thanks.

How about Orpheus, Mummy and Kindred of the East? KotE had one. A little off-topic for Bloodlines, but given that 's Hunter: The Reckoning video game is now available via the XBox One store , I've added the symbols for the game's Edges Hunter's equivalents of Disciplines to the Hunter symbol page.

Vampire 5th Edition drops in a few days. For the first time since they first appeared c. I've uploaded the updated symbols for the seven clans featured in V5 -- the same seven found in Bloodlines -- as well as the new general Vampire ankh and the new Camarilla ankh.

Also the new Anarch ankh, but that's low-res for the moment So if anyone's doing a mod that takes place c. I was literally just now sewing down a Malkavian patch I made.

Quote from: IanW on July 30, , am. Quote from: Wesp5 on July 30, , am. Game Files. Bloodlines Redemption. Vampires in this state, if not well hidden, may have difficulty defending themselves and are vulnerable to destruction by vampire hunters or Diablerie by other vampires.

Characters in this world refer to the supernatural blood in their bodies that sustains them as vitae. Vampires gain vitae by drinking blood.

In-game, this accumulation of vitae is called a blood pool. Characters can replace lost Vitae by drinking more blood. A vampire's vitae can inspire false feelings of love and foster dependency if drunk by others.

This addiction to vampiric blood is called the Blood Bond. The vampire performing the bond is called a Regnant and the one being bound is called a Thrall.

In most cases, a victim must drink three times from the same vampire on three separate nights to become bonded.

Once bonded, the victim feels something akin to a very twisted sort of love for the vampire and they become the most important person in their life.

They also become more susceptible to mind control by that vampire and are willing to do anything, even risk their own life, to aid their regnant.

Mortals, animals, and even other vampires and other supernatural creatures may be bound. The Sabbat practice a different form of group blood bonding by incorporating ancient Tzimisce Blood Magic called the Vaulderie that inspires loyalty and sodality among the sect.

It will also instantly break conventional blood bonds if performed correctly by a trained vampire, typically a Pack Priest. They can also be negated by extended amounts of time depending on how far the Bond has gone steps one, two or three , willpower and the extended absence of the regnant in order to do so.

Vampires may create more of themselves by draining a human to the point of death and then feeding the victim some of their blood.

The creator vampire is known as a sire , the newly created vampire a childe and the creation process is referred to as the embrace.

Very little vitae is required to trigger the metamorphosis but the victim must be freshly dead. It does not work on corpses that are more than a few minutes old.

A vampire's relative power is limited by something called their Generation, which is set at the time of their embrace. Generation is the vampire's distance from the race's mythical founder, Cain, who is alleged to be the first vampire.

For example, a ninth generation is nine generations from Cain. Should this ninth generation vampire embrace someone their progeny would be a tenth generation regardless of how many times they do this.

Attitudes towards diablerie range from criminalization to an act of liberation. Regardless, diablerie is a serious act not to be taken lightly.

Motivations and more surrounding the embrace differ from clan and sect. In some sects, such as the Camarilla, the creation of new vampires is tightly controlled.

Some only embrace a certain ethnic group, such as the Romani with the Ravnos [8] : 64 or within certain mortal families as with the Giovanni.

Some create other vampires for power, others for companionship and some are created as fodder for the endless, ancient conflicts, known as the Jyhad, that are central to gameplay.

Vampires in the World of Darkness believe that their race originates from the Biblical figure of Cain. Cain was said to have been cursed by God with a vampiric state for murdering his brother.

The vampires of this canon believe themselves to be descended from this Biblical progenitor. It is said that Cain was able to pass on his cursed state to others, thereby, making them like himself only somewhat weaker.

These first childer, known as the second generation, were said to have been made to keep him company, and they in turn made the third generation.

The third were supposedly numbered thirteen and are the semi-legendary founders of the thirteen original clans. According to in-game legend, all of these vampires lived in peace under Cain's rule in the legendary city known as Enoch , or the First City.

When God caused the Great Flood , however, the city was destroyed and Cain disappeared, leaving his Childer to fend for themselves. The third generation eventually rose up and slew their sires.

Cain, upon discovering this, cursed them. Cain's curse is supposedly the reason each clan now has its own weakness. Those who study the mythical vampire origins are called Noddists.

According to Noddist mythology there are claims that Cain will return at the end of time to judge his descendants: the Antediluvians and all vampires descended from them.

This event is known as Gehenna, the end of all vampiric races. Others claim that Gehenna is simply the wakening of the Antediluvians who have returned to feed on the blood of their descendants.

Differing interpretations of the myths divide vampire society. The Sabbat, for example, take the myths quite literally and believe that it is their purpose to defend vampires from the depredations of the ancients.

The Camarilla is more dismissive, either claiming that Cain is nothing more than a myth or metaphor or outright suppressing the myths and their study.

Contentions between the different societies surrounding the origins of vampires and Gehenna are important in-game motivations for the Jyhad that color the character's understanding of their world.

Regardless as to whether or not the myths are true in the context of the game the myth of Cain represents important themes presented in the metaplot such as sins of the father coming back upon his children, the threat of apocalypse, questions of faith, conspiracies, and war of ages.

Golconda is a fabled state of enlightenment that offers vampires a release from their struggle with the Beast. Different editions have gone into different level of detail as to what Golconda is but all agree that it is an elusive and mysterious state and there is very little information in-game or out as to how to achieve it.

In Vampire: The Masquerade , the Masquerade refers to an organized conspiracy primarily orchestrated by the Camarilla to convince the general public that vampires do not exist.

The Camarilla believes the Masquerade is the cornerstone survival strategy for Kindred and fear that without it the kine would rise up and exterminate all the undead.

Prohibitions against exposing the existence of Kindred existed prior to the 15th century in a set of ancient laws known as the Traditions.

The First Tradition reads:. Doing such shall renounce thy claims of Blood. This stricture was not consistently nor as strictly enforced until the Inquisition of the 15th century required it.

During this period vampires were destroyed in large numbers by vampire hunters which largely prompted the formation of a sect known as the Camarilla whose primary purpose was to promote and enforce the Masquerade as a means of survival.

The Masquerade is largely enforced through self-policing, but it is primarily the job of the Prince in Camarilla controlled cities to enforce it. Princes may use any means at their disposal to ensure vampire society stays hidden and that those who break the Masquerade are duly punished.

Punishments for breaches have a range but are usually draconian in nature due to the seriousness of the Masquerade.

Final Death, often by means of a ritualized "Blood Hunt" by other vampires, is not uncommon. When breaches do occur, the Camarilla takes great pains to repair them.

This could include anything from erasing a mortal's memories using supernatural powers to manipulating mortal pawns in order to keep events out of the media.

The Masquerade is one of the main in-game points of contention between the two major factions of vampires in the World of Darkness.

While many vampires see the pragmatism in the Masquerade some do not agree with it. For example, the Sabbat do not uphold the Tradition that justifies the enforcement of the Masquerade but behind closed doors even they take some steps to contain breaches.

In-game around the early s, the intelligence agencies of the world discovered the SchreckNET's existence, they in response formed what is known as the Second inquisition.

Utilizing the knowledge of the Society of St. Leopold, which had been canonized under the Vatican, they've killed hundreds of thousands of vampires the world over.

In reaction that had forced a secondary level of masquerade measures in the game world, Vampires now use everything from burner phones and disposable email to use of carrier pigeon and information dead drops, sometimes using hypnotized or ghouled humans to pass information.

Also the Camarilla Sect have become more of a closed off society, only accepting notable kindred, leaving most recently embraced to be slaughtered or adopted by the Anarch Sect, who have adopted tenants of the camarilla's masquerade to protect themselves.

Vampires in the World of Darkness have a rich, complex, and diverse secret society with a range of ideologies, goals, and backgrounds.

Sects largely divide along ideological disputes surrounding the distribution of power among vampires, the role of vampires in the human world, and the ancient myths that allegedly explain the origins and purpose of vampires.

An important means of social distinction among vampires in this setting is through age. Calmet had numerous readers, including both a critical Voltaire and numerous supportive demonologists who interpreted the treatise as claiming that vampires existed.

These vampires were corpses, who went out of their graves at night to suck the blood of the living, either at their throats or stomachs, after which they returned to their cemeteries.

The persons so sucked waned, grew pale, and fell into consumption ; while the sucking corpses grew fat, got rosy, and enjoyed an excellent appetite.

The controversy in Austria only ceased when Empress Maria Theresa of Austria sent her personal physician, Gerard van Swieten , to investigate the claims of vampiric entities.

He concluded that vampires did not exist and the Empress passed laws prohibiting the opening of graves and desecration of bodies, sounding the end of the vampire epidemics.

Other European countries followed suit. Despite this condemnation, the vampire lived on in artistic works and in local folklore.

Classified as vampires, all share the thirst for blood. Various regions of Africa have folktales featuring beings with vampiric abilities: in West Africa the Ashanti people tell of the iron-toothed and tree-dwelling asanbosam , [91] and the Ewe people of the adze , which can take the form of a firefly and hunts children.

The Loogaroo is an example of how a vampire belief can result from a combination of beliefs, here a mixture of French and African Vodu or voodoo.

The term Loogaroo possibly comes from the French loup-garou meaning "werewolf" and is common in the culture of Mauritius. During the late 18th and 19th centuries the belief in vampires was widespread in parts of New England , particularly in Rhode Island and eastern Connecticut.

There are many documented cases of families disinterring loved ones and removing their hearts in the belief that the deceased was a vampire who was responsible for sickness and death in the family, although the term "vampire" was never used to describe the dead.

The deadly disease tuberculosis , or "consumption" as it was known at the time, was believed to be caused by nightly visitations on the part of a dead family member who had died of consumption themselves.

Her father, assisted by the family physician, removed her from her tomb two months after her death, cut out her heart and burned it to ashes. Vampires have appeared in Japanese cinema since the late s; the folklore behind it is western in origin.

There are two main vampiric creatures in the Philippines: the Tagalog Mandurugo "blood-sucker" and the Visayan Manananggal "self-segmenter".

The mandurugo is a variety of the aswang that takes the form of an attractive girl by day, and develops wings and a long, hollow, threadlike tongue by night.

The tongue is used to suck up blood from a sleeping victim. They use an elongated proboscislike tongue to suck fetuses from these pregnant women.

They also prefer to eat entrails specifically the heart and the liver and the phlegm of sick people. The Malaysian Penanggalan is a woman who obtained her beauty through the active use of black magic or other unnatural means, and is most commonly described in local folklore to be dark or demonic in nature.

She is able to detach her fanged head which flies around in the night looking for blood, typically from pregnant women. She appeared as an attractive woman with long black hair that covered a hole in the back of her neck, with which she sucked the blood of children.

Filling the hole with her hair would drive her off. Corpses had their mouths filled with glass beads, eggs under each armpit, and needles in their palms to prevent them from becoming langsuir.

This description would also fit the Sundel Bolongs. Films like Encounters of the Spooky Kind and Mr. Vampire were released during the jiangshi cinematic boom of the s and s.

In modern fiction, the vampire tends to be depicted as a suave, charismatic villain. Vampire hunting societies still exist, but they are largely formed for social reasons.

In early local press spread rumours that a vampire haunted Highgate Cemetery in London. Amateur vampire hunters flocked in large numbers to the cemetery.

Several books have been written about the case, notably by Sean Manchester, a local man who was among the first to suggest the existence of the " Highgate Vampire " and who later claimed to have exorcised and destroyed a whole nest of vampires in the area.

Local police stated that no such crime had been reported and that the case appears to be an urban legend. In , a physics professor at the University of Central Florida wrote a paper arguing that it is mathematically impossible for vampires to exist, based on geometric progression.

According to the paper, if the first vampire had appeared on 1 January , if it fed once a month which is less often than what is depicted in films and folklore , and if every victim turned into a vampire, then within two and a half years the entire human population of the time would have become vampires.

In one of the more notable cases of vampiric entities in the modern age, the chupacabra "goat-sucker" of Puerto Rico and Mexico is said to be a creature that feeds upon the flesh or drinks the blood of domesticated animals , leading some to consider it a kind of vampire.

The "chupacabra hysteria" was frequently associated with deep economic and political crises, particularly during the mids. In Europe, where much of the vampire folklore originates, the vampire is usually considered a fictitious being; many communities may have embraced the revenant for economic purposes.

In some cases, especially in small localities, beliefs are still rampant and sightings or claims of vampire attacks occur frequently.

In Romania during February , several relatives of Toma Petre feared that he had become a vampire. They dug up his corpse, tore out his heart, burned it, and mixed the ashes with water in order to drink it.

Vampirism and the vampire lifestyle also represent a relevant part of modern day's occultist movements. An alternative collective noun is a "house" of vampires.

Commentators have offered many theories for the origins of vampire beliefs and related mass hysteria. Everything ranging from premature burial to the early ignorance of the body's decomposition cycle after death has been cited as the cause for the belief in vampires.

Paul Barber in his book Vampires, Burial and Death has described that belief in vampires resulted from people of pre-industrial societies attempting to explain the natural, but to them inexplicable, process of death and decomposition.

People sometimes suspected vampirism when a cadaver did not look as they thought a normal corpse should when disinterred.

Rates of decomposition vary depending on temperature and soil composition, and many of the signs are little known. This has led vampire hunters to mistakenly conclude that a dead body had not decomposed at all or, ironically, to interpret signs of decomposition as signs of continued life.

Corpses swell as gases from decomposition accumulate in the torso and the increased pressure forces blood to ooze from the nose and mouth.

This causes the body to look "plump", "well-fed", and "ruddy"—changes that are all the more striking if the person was pale or thin in life.

In the Arnold Paole case , an old woman's exhumed corpse was judged by her neighbours to look more plump and healthy than she had ever looked in life.

Darkening of the skin is also caused by decomposition. This could produce a groan-like sound when the gases moved past the vocal cords, or a sound reminiscent of flatulence when they passed through the anus.

The official reporting on the Petar Blagojevich case speaks of "other wild signs which I pass by out of high respect". After death, the skin and gums lose fluids and contract, exposing the roots of the hair, nails, and teeth, even teeth that were concealed in the jaw.

This can produce the illusion that the hair, nails, and teeth have grown. At a certain stage, the nails fall off and the skin peels away, as reported in the Blagojevich case—the dermis and nail beds emerging underneath were interpreted as "new skin" and "new nails".

It has also been hypothesized that vampire legends were influenced by individuals being buried alive because of shortcomings in the medical knowledge of the time.

In some cases in which people reported sounds emanating from a specific coffin, it was later dug up and fingernail marks were discovered on the inside from the victim trying to escape.

In other cases the person would hit their heads, noses or faces and it would appear that they had been "feeding". An alternate explanation for noise is the bubbling of escaping gases from natural decomposition of bodies.

Folkloric vampirism has been associated with clusters of deaths from unidentifiable or mysterious illnesses, usually within the same family or the same small community.

As with the pneumonic form of bubonic plague , it was associated with breakdown of lung tissue which would cause blood to appear at the lips.

In biochemist David Dolphin proposed a link between the rare blood disorder porphyria and vampire folklore.

Noting that the condition is treated by intravenous haem , he suggested that the consumption of large amounts of blood may result in haem being transported somehow across the stomach wall and into the bloodstream.

Thus vampires were merely sufferers of porphyria seeking to replace haem and alleviate their symptoms. The theory has been rebuffed medically as suggestions that porphyria sufferers crave the haem in human blood, or that the consumption of blood might ease the symptoms of porphyria, are based on a misunderstanding of the disease.

Furthermore, Dolphin was noted to have confused fictional bloodsucking vampires with those of folklore, many of whom were not noted to drink blood.

In any case, Dolphin did not go on to publish his work more widely. Rabies has been linked with vampire folklore. The susceptibility to garlic and light could be due to hypersensitivity, which is a symptom of rabies.

The disease can also affect portions of the brain that could lead to disturbance of normal sleep patterns thus becoming nocturnal and hypersexuality.

Legend once said a man was not rabid if he could look at his own reflection an allusion to the legend that vampires have no reflection.

Wolves and bats , which are often associated with vampires, can be carriers of rabies. The disease can also lead to a drive to bite others and to a bloody frothing at the mouth.

In his treatise On the Nightmare , Welsh psychoanalyst Ernest Jones asserted that vampires are symbolic of several unconscious drives and defence mechanisms.

Emotions such as love, guilt, and hate fuel the idea of the return of the dead to the grave. Desiring a reunion with loved ones, mourners may project the idea that the recently dead must in return yearn the same.

From this arises the belief that folkloric vampires and revenants visit relatives, particularly their spouses, first.

In cases where there was unconscious guilt associated with the relationship, the wish for reunion may be subverted by anxiety.

This may lead to repression , which Sigmund Freud had linked with the development of morbid dread. The sexual aspect may or may not be present.

The innate sexuality of bloodsucking can be seen in its intrinsic connection with cannibalism and a folkloric one with incubus -like behaviour.

Many legends report various beings draining other fluids from victims, an unconscious association with semen being obvious. Finally Jones notes that when more normal aspects of sexuality are repressed, regressed forms may be expressed, in particular sadism ; he felt that oral sadism is integral in vampiric behaviour.

The reinvention of the vampire myth in the modern era is not without political overtones. In his entry for "Vampires" in the Dictionnaire philosophique , Voltaire notices how the midth century coincided with the decline of the folkloric belief in the existence of vampires but that now "there were stock-jobbers, brokers, and men of business, who sucked the blood of the people in broad daylight; but they were not dead, though corrupted.

These true suckers lived not in cemeteries, but in very agreeable palaces". Marx defined capital as "dead labour which, vampire-like, lives only by sucking living labour, and lives the more, the more labour it sucks".

A number of murderers have performed seemingly vampiric rituals upon their victims. Serial killers Peter Kürten and Richard Trenton Chase were both called "vampires" in the tabloids after they were discovered drinking the blood of the people they murdered.

Similarly, in , an unsolved murder case in Stockholm , Sweden was nicknamed the " Vampire murder ", because of the circumstances of the victim's death.

Vampire lifestyle is a term for a contemporary subculture of people, largely within the Goth subculture , who consume the blood of others as a pastime; drawing from the rich recent history of popular culture related to cult symbolism, horror films , the fiction of Anne Rice , and the styles of Victorian England.

Although many cultures have stories about them, vampire bats have only recently become an integral part of the traditional vampire lore.

Vampire bats were integrated into vampire folklore after they were discovered on the South American mainland in the 16th century.

The three species of vampire bats are all endemic to Latin America, and there is no evidence to suggest that they had any Old World relatives within human memory.

It is therefore impossible that the folkloric vampire represents a distorted presentation or memory of the vampire bat. The bats were named after the folkloric vampire rather than vice versa; the Oxford English Dictionary records their folkloric use in English from and the zoological not until The vampire bat's bite is usually not harmful to a person, but the bat has been known to actively feed on humans and large prey such as cattle and often leaves the trademark, two-prong bite mark on its victim's skin.

The literary Dracula transforms into a bat several times in the novel, and vampire bats themselves are mentioned twice in it. The vampire is now a fixture in popular fiction.

Such fiction began with 18th-century poetry and continued with 19th-century short stories, the first and most influential of which was John Polidori 's " The Vampyre " , featuring the vampire Lord Ruthven.

The vampire theme continued in penny dreadful serial publications such as Varney the Vampire and culminated in the pre-eminent vampire novel in history: Dracula by Bram Stoker , published in Over time, some attributes now regarded as integral became incorporated into the vampire's profile: fangs and vulnerability to sunlight appeared over the course of the 19th century, with Varney the Vampire and Count Dracula both bearing protruding teeth, [] and Murnau's Nosferatu fearing daylight.

Much is made of the price of eternal life, namely the incessant need for blood of former equals. Byron was also credited with the first prose fiction piece concerned with vampires: "The Vampyre" This was in reality authored by Byron's personal physician, John Polidori , who adapted an enigmatic fragmentary tale of his illustrious patient, " Fragment of a Novel " , also known as "The Burial: A Fragment".

The Vampyre was highly successful and the most influential vampire work of the early 19th century. Varney the Vampire was a popular landmark mid- Victorian era gothic horror story by James Malcolm Rymer and Thomas Peckett Prest , which first appeared from to in a series of pamphlets generally referred to as penny dreadfuls because of their inexpensive price and typically gruesome contents.

It has a distinctly suspenseful style, using vivid imagery to describe the horrifying exploits of Varney. Like Varney before her, the vampiress Carmilla is portrayed in a somewhat sympathetic light as the compulsion of her condition is highlighted.

No effort to depict vampires in popular fiction was as influential or as definitive as Bram Stoker's Dracula The vampiric traits described in Stoker's work merged with and dominated folkloric tradition, eventually evolving into the modern fictional vampire.

Drawing on past works such as The Vampyre and Carmilla , Stoker began to research his new book in the late 19th century, reading works such as The Land Beyond the Forest by Emily Gerard and other books about Transylvania and vampires.

The first chapter of the book was omitted when it was published in , but it was released in as " Dracula's Guest ". The latter part of the 20th century saw the rise of multi-volume vampire epics.

It also set the trend for seeing vampires as poetic tragic heroes rather than as the more traditional embodiment of evil. This formula was followed in novelist Anne Rice's highly popular and influential Vampire Chronicles — The 21st century brought more examples of vampire fiction, such as J.

Ward 's Black Dagger Brotherhood series, and other highly popular vampire books which appeal to teenagers and young adults.

Such vampiric paranormal romance novels and allied vampiric chick-lit and vampiric occult detective stories are a remarkably popular and ever-expanding contemporary publishing phenomenon.

Hamilton 's erotic Anita Blake: Vampire Hunter series, and Kim Harrison 's The Hollows series, portray the vampire in a variety of new perspectives, some of them unrelated to the original legends.

Vampires in the Twilight series — by Stephenie Meyer ignore the effects of garlic and crosses and are not harmed by sunlight, although it does reveal their supernatural status.

Considered one of the preeminent figures of the classic horror film, the vampire has proven to be a rich subject for the film and gaming industries. Dracula is a major character in more films than any other but Sherlock Holmes , and many early films were either based on the novel Dracula or closely derived from it.

These included the German silent film Nosferatu , directed by F. Murnau and featuring the first film portrayal of Dracula—although names and characters were intended to mimic Dracula ' s, Murnau could not obtain permission to do so from Stoker's widow, and had to alter many aspects of the story for the film.

The decade saw several more vampire films, most notably Dracula's Daughter in The legend of the vampire continued through the film industry when Dracula was reincarnated in the pertinent Hammer Horror series of films, starring Christopher Lee as the Count.

The successful Dracula starring Lee was followed by seven sequels. Lee returned as Dracula in all but two of these and became well known in the role.

Several films featured the characterization of a female, often lesbian, vampire such as Hammer Horror's The Vampire Lovers , based on Carmilla , though the plotlines still revolved around a central evil vampire character.

The Gothic soap opera Dark Shadows , on American television from to and produced by Dan Curtis , featured the vampire character Barnabas Collins , portrayed by Canadian actor Jonathan Frid , which proved partly responsible for making the series one of the most popular of its type, amassing a total of 1, episodes in its nearly five-year run.

Later films showed more diversity in plotline, with some focusing on the vampire-hunter, such as Blade in the Marvel Comics ' Blade films and the film Buffy the Vampire Slayer.

Still others showed the vampire as a protagonist, such as 's The Hunger , 's Interview with the Vampire and its indirect sequel of sorts Queen of the Damned , and the series Moonlight.

The film Bram Stoker's Dracula became the then-highest grossing vampire film ever. Steindl discovered in the historical inspiration for Bram Stoker's legendary Dracula character see also Literature - Bram Stoker: Dracula's Guest [] : " Many experts believe, the deleted opening was actually based on a woman.

Archaeologists, historians, and forensic scientists revisit the days of vampire hysteria in the eighteenth-century Czech Republic and re-open the unholy grave of dark princess Eleonore von Schwarzenberg.

They uncover her story, once buried and long forgotten, now raised from the dead. This increase of interest in vampiric plotlines led to the vampire being depicted in films such as Underworld and Van Helsing , the Russian Night Watch and a TV miniseries remake of Salem's Lot , both from The series Blood Ties premiered on Lifetime Television in , featuring a character portrayed as Henry Fitzroy, an illegitimate-son-of- Henry-VIII-of-England -turned-vampire, in modern-day Toronto , with a female former Toronto detective in the starring role.

It featured an unconventional trio of a vampire, a werewolf and a ghost who are sharing a flat in Bristol. The continuing popularity of the vampire theme has been ascribed to a combination of two factors: the representation of sexuality and the perennial dread of mortality.

The role-playing game Vampire: The Masquerade has been influential upon modern vampire fiction and elements of its terminology, such as embrace and sire , appear in contemporary fiction.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see Vampire disambiguation. Mythological or folkloric creature. See also: List of vampires in folklore.

Further information: List of vampire traits in folklore and fiction. Garlic, Bibles, crucifixes, rosaries, holy water, and mirrors have all been seen in various folkloric traditions as means of warding against or identifying vampires.

Main article: Vampire folklore by region. Main article: Vampire lifestyle. See also: Psychic vampirism. Main article: Vampire bat.