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Martin Luther King Feiertag Ist der 18. Januar 2021 in den USA ein Feiertag?*

Der Martin Luther King Day ist ein US-amerikanischer nationaler Gedenk- und Feiertag für den im Jahre ermordeten Martin Luther King, der seit jeden dritten Montag im Januar begangen wird. Er liegt somit nahe oder sogar auf dem Geburtstag. Der Martin Luther King Day ist ein US-amerikanischer nationaler Gedenk- und Feiertag für den im Jahre ermordeten Martin Luther King, der seit Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. war ein schwarzer Geistlicher, der aufgrund seines Einsatzes für die Rechte und Gleichberechtigung der afroamerikanischen. Infos zum Bürgerrechtler Martin Luther King und seinem Feiertag ✅ Super günstige Urlaubs-Angebote für die USA. Schon gewusst? Seit feiern die USA den dritte Montag im Januar als nationalen Martin Luther King Jr. Day (MLK Day).

Martin Luther King Feiertag

Schon gewusst? Seit feiern die USA den dritte Montag im Januar als nationalen Martin Luther King Jr. Day (MLK Day). Alles zum Feiertag am Geburtstag von Martin Luther King Jr. in den USA: Wann ist der Birthday of Martin Luther King, Jr. ? Ist der Januar in den. Am dritten Montag im Januar gedenken US-Amerikaner des Bürgerrechtlers Martin Luther King mit einem landesweiten gesetzlichen Feiertag. Das Datum des.

Martin Luther King Feiertag Video

Martin Luther King Jr., \ Martin Luther King Feiertag King was initially skeptical of Binnance of Christianity's claims. According Zeitzonen Usa New York Garrow, "that relationship From the pain and exhaustion of his fight to fulfill the promises of our founding fathers for our humblest citizens, he wrung his eloquent statement of his dream for America. King was on the committee from the Birmingham African-American community that looked into the case; E. Augustine movement. Archived from the original on January 3, Byrnes George Marshall Harry S. For the monk who started the Reformation, see Martin Luther. Another influence for King's nonviolent method was Henry David Thoreau 's essay On Civil Disobedience and its theme of refusing to cooperate with an evil system. Retrieved June 24, Am dritten Montag im Januar gedenken US-Amerikaner des Bürgerrechtlers Martin Luther King mit einem landesweiten gesetzlichen Feiertag. Das Datum des. Unvergessen ist bis heute seine Rede „I have a dream“. Doch was genau hat es mit diesem noch relativ jungen US Feiertag auf sich und wer war eigentlich Martin. Der Martin Luther King Day ist in den USA ein gesetzlicher Feiertag. Anders als in Deutschland wird dort allerdings im jeweiligen Arbeitsvertrag geregelt. Alles zum Feiertag am Geburtstag von Martin Luther King Jr. in den USA: Wann ist der Birthday of Martin Luther King, Jr. ? Ist der Januar in den. US Feiertage: Martin Luther King Day. In dieser Artikelserie möchte ich euch die einzelnen Feiertage im Laufe des Kalenderjahres vorstellen. Der. Day: Datum in anderen Jahren Minecraft Jetzt Spielen Kostenlos — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — Go Games — — — — — — — — — Nfl International Series — — — — — — — Nicht Aral Paysafe danach verabschiedete der amerikanische Kongress Gesetze, die politische, rechtliche und soziale Rassendiskriminierung verboten. Jene Personen, welche sich an diesem Tag nicht sozial engagieren, verreisen meist auf einen Kurztrip oder besuchen Kambodscha Nachrichten Freunden und Familien Einrichtungen sowie Events. Sollten Sie trotzdem einen Fehler entdecken, bitten wir um eine Nachricht. Hintergrund Martin Luther King, geboren am GreenCard Check. Seitdem wurde sein Geburtstag am Martin Luther King Jr. Augustals mehr als Bereits kurz nach seiner Ermordung kam die Idee auf, dem Bürgerrechtler einen eigenen Feiertag zu widmen. USA Reiseberichte. Zur optimalen Beste Spielothek in Gossetsweiler finden nutzen wir auf unserer Website Cookies. Anbieter dar. August in Washington D. Archived from the original on January 7, On this Day. We are perhaps Typico Sportwetten only nation which tried as a matter of national policy Beste Spielothek in Herchenbach finden wipe out its indigenous population. January 15, African-Americans and the Quest for Civil Rights, —

Martin Luther King Feiertag Video

Martin Luther King Jr. vs. Malcolm X at the Theater - Key \u0026 Peele

After years of campaigning by activists, members of Congress and Coretta Scott King , among others, in President Ronald Reagan signed a bill creating a U.

Here are some of the most famous Martin Luther King, Jr. Hate cannot drive out hate; only love can do that. This is why right, temporarily defeated, is stronger than evil triumphant.

If you can't be a highway, just be a trail. If you can't be a sun, be a star. For it isn't by size that you win or fail.

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The civil rights movement was a struggle for social justice that took place mainly during the s and s for Black Americans to gain equal rights under the law in the United States.

On January 15, the entire nation pauses in remembrance of a civil rights hero. Day, a federal holiday that takes place on the third Monday of each January.

MLK Day was designed to honor the activist and minister assassinated Had Martin Luther King, Jr. While King would have spoken out against The civil rights leader was born Michael King Jr.

It was a stormy night and the weather was bad but the turnout was not. People had gathered to hear Martin Luther King, Jr.

King knew that storms pass and that joy comes in In these remarks, King referred to a conversation he had recently had with Jawaharlal Nehru in which he compared the sad condition of many African Americans to that of India's untouchables.

King, representing the SCLC , was among the leaders of the " Big Six " civil rights organizations who were instrumental in the organization of the March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom , which took place on August 28, Farmer Jr.

Bayard Rustin 's open homosexuality, support of democratic socialism , and his former ties to the Communist Party USA caused many white and African-American leaders to demand King distance himself from Rustin, [] which King agreed to do.

Kennedy in changing the focus of the march. Kennedy initially opposed the march outright, because he was concerned it would negatively impact the drive for passage of civil rights legislation.

However, the organizers were firm that the march would proceed. President Kennedy was concerned the turnout would be less than , Therefore, he enlisted the aid of additional church leaders and Walter Reuther , president of the United Automobile Workers , to help mobilize demonstrators for the cause.

The march originally was conceived as an event to dramatize the desperate condition of blacks in the southern U. Organizers intended to denounce the federal government for its failure to safeguard the civil rights and physical safety of civil rights workers and blacks.

The group acquiesced to presidential pressure and influence, and the event ultimately took on a far less strident tone.

At the time, it was the largest gathering of protesters in Washington, D. King delivered a minute speech, later known as "I Have a Dream".

I say to you today, my friends, so even though we face the difficulties of today and tomorrow, I still have a dream. It is a dream deeply rooted in the American dream.

I have a dream that one day this nation will rise up and live out the true meaning of its creed: 'We hold these truths to be self-evident: that all men are created equal.

I have a dream that one day even the state of Mississippi, a state sweltering with the heat of injustice, sweltering with the heat of oppression, will be transformed into an oasis of freedom and justice.

I have a dream that my four little children will one day live in a nation where they will not be judged by the color of their skin but by the content of their character.

I have a dream today. I have a dream that one day, down in Alabama, with its vicious racists, with its governor having his lips dripping with the words of interposition and nullification; one day right there in Alabama, little black boys and black girls will be able to join hands with little white boys and white girls as sisters and brothers.

The original typewritten copy of the speech, including King's handwritten notes on it, was discovered in to be in the hands of George Raveling , the first African-American basketball coach of the University of Iowa.

In , Raveling, then 26 years old, was standing near the podium, and immediately after the oration, impulsively asked King if he could have his copy of the speech.

He got it. The first attempt to march on March 7, , was aborted because of mob and police violence against the demonstrators.

This day has become known as Bloody Sunday and was a major turning point in the effort to gain public support for the civil rights movement.

It was the clearest demonstration up to that time of the dramatic potential of King's nonviolence strategy. King, however, was not present.

On March 5, King met with officials in the Johnson Administration in order to request an injunction against any prosecution of the demonstrators.

He did not attend the march due to church duties, but he later wrote, "If I had any idea that the state troopers would use the kind of brutality they did, I would have felt compelled to give up my church duties altogether to lead the line.

King next attempted to organize a march for March 9. The SCLC petitioned for an injunction in federal court against the State of Alabama; this was denied and the judge issued an order blocking the march until after a hearing.

Nonetheless, King led marchers on March 9 to the Edmund Pettus Bridge in Selma, then held a short prayer session before turning the marchers around and asking them to disperse so as not to violate the court order.

The unexpected ending of this second march aroused the surprise and anger of many within the local movement. In , after several successes in the south, King, Bevel, and others in the civil rights organizations took the movement to the North, with Chicago as their first destination.

King and Ralph Abernathy, both from the middle class, moved into a building at S. Hamlin Avenue, in the slums of North Lawndale [] on Chicago's West Side, as an educational experience and to demonstrate their support and empathy for the poor.

King later stated and Abernathy wrote that the movement received a worse reception in Chicago than in the South. Marches, especially the one through Marquette Park on August 5, , were met by thrown bottles and screaming throngs.

Rioting seemed very possible. Daley to cancel a march in order to avoid the violence that he feared would result.

When King and his allies returned to the South, they left Jesse Jackson , a seminary student who had previously joined the movement in the South, in charge of their organization.

A CIA document declassified in downplayed King's role in the "black militant situation" in Chicago, with a source stating that King "sought at least constructive, positive projects.

King was long opposed to American involvement in the Vietnam War , [] but at first avoided the topic in public speeches in order to avoid the interference with civil rights goals that criticism of President Johnson's policies might have created.

A true revolution of values will soon look uneasily on the glaring contrast of poverty and wealth. With righteous indignation, it will look across the seas and see individual capitalists of the West investing huge sums of money in Asia, Africa and South America, only to take the profits out with no concern for the social betterment of the countries, and say: "This is not just.

King opposed the Vietnam War because it took money and resources that could have been spent on social welfare at home. The United States Congress was spending more and more on the military and less and less on anti-poverty programs at the same time.

He summed up this aspect by saying, "A nation that continues year after year to spend more money on military defense than on programs of social uplift is approaching spiritual death.

King's opposition cost him significant support among white allies, including President Johnson, Billy Graham, [] union leaders and powerful publishers.

The "Beyond Vietnam" speech reflected King's evolving political advocacy in his later years, which paralleled the teachings of the progressive Highlander Research and Education Center , with which he was affiliated.

In a letter to Coretta Scott, he said: "I imagine you already know that I am much more socialistic in my economic theory than capitalistic King stated in "Beyond Vietnam" that "true compassion is more than flinging a coin to a beggar King's stance on Vietnam encouraged Allard K.

Lowenstein , William Sloane Coffin and Norman Thomas , with the support of anti-war Democrats, to attempt to persuade King to run against President Johnson in the United States presidential election.

King contemplated but ultimately decided against the proposal on the grounds that he felt uneasy with politics and considered himself better suited for his morally unambiguous role as an activist.

At the U. King brought up issues of civil rights and the draft:. I have not urged a mechanical fusion of the civil rights and peace movements.

There are people who have come to see the moral imperative of equality, but who cannot yet see the moral imperative of world brotherhood.

I would like to see the fervor of the civil-rights movement imbued into the peace movement to instill it with greater strength. And I believe everyone has a duty to be in both the civil-rights and peace movements.

But for those who presently choose but one, I would hope they will finally come to see the moral roots common to both.

Seeing an opportunity to unite civil rights activists and anti-war activists, [] Bevel convinced King to become even more active in the anti-war effort.

The importance of the hippies is not in their unconventional behavior, but in the fact that hundreds of thousands of young people, in turning to a flight from reality, are expressing a profoundly discrediting view on the society they emerge from.

On January 13, the day after President Johnson's State of the Union Address , King called for a large march on Washington against "one of history's most cruel and senseless wars.

We need to make clear in this political year, to congressmen on both sides of the aisle and to the president of the United States, that we will no longer tolerate, we will no longer vote for men who continue to see the killings of Vietnamese and Americans as the best way of advancing the goals of freedom and self-determination in Southeast Asia.

He had written a letter to Martin Luther King, Jr. In his nomination Dr. King said, "I do not personally know of anyone more worthy of [this prize] than this gentle monk from Vietnam.

His ideas for peace, if applied, would build a monument to ecumenism , to world brotherhood, to humanity". King traveled the country to assemble "a multiracial army of the poor" that would march on Washington to engage in nonviolent civil disobedience at the Capitol until Congress created an "economic bill of rights" for poor Americans.

King quoted from Henry George and George's book, Progress and Poverty , particularly in support of a guaranteed basic income. He felt that Congress had shown "hostility to the poor" by spending "military funds with alacrity and generosity.

The Poor People's Campaign was controversial even within the civil rights movement. Rustin resigned from the march, stating that the goals of the campaign were too broad, that its demands were unrealizable, and that he thought that these campaigns would accelerate the backlash and repression on the poor and the black.

The plan to set up a shantytown in Washington, D. Criticism of King's plan was subdued in the wake of his death, and the SCLC received an unprecedented wave of donations for the purpose of carrying it out.

The campaign officially began in Memphis, on May 2, at the hotel where King was murdered. The workers had been on strike since March 12 for higher wages and better treatment.

In one incident, black street repairmen received pay for two hours when they were sent home because of bad weather, but white employees were paid for the full day.

King's flight to Memphis had been delayed by a bomb threat against his plane. And then I got to Memphis.

And some began to say the threats, or talk about the threats that were out. What would happen to me from some of our sick white brothers? Well, I don't know what will happen now.

We've got some difficult days ahead. But it doesn't matter with me now. Because I've been to the mountaintop. And I don't mind. Like anybody, I would like to live a long life.

Longevity has its place. But I'm not concerned about that now. I just want to do God's will. And He's allowed me to go up to the mountain.

And I've looked over. And I've seen the promised land. I may not get there with you. But I want you to know tonight, that we, as a people, will get to the promised land.

So I'm happy, tonight. I'm not worried about anything. I'm not fearing any man. Mine eyes have seen the glory of the coming of the Lord.

Ralph Abernathy , who was present at the assassination, testified to the United States House Select Committee on Assassinations that King and his entourage stayed at Room so often that it was known as the "King-Abernathy suite.

Play it real pretty. The bullet entered through his right cheek, smashing his jaw, then traveled down his spinal cord before lodging in his shoulder.

After emergency chest surgery, King died at St. National Historical Park. The assassination led to a nationwide wave of race riots in Washington, D.

Kennedy was on his way to Indianapolis for a campaign rally when he was informed of King's death. He gave a short, improvised speech to the gathering of supporters informing them of the tragedy and urging them to continue King's ideal of nonviolence.

President Lyndon B. Johnson declared April 7 a national day of mourning for the civil rights leader. In that sermon, King made a request that at his funeral no mention of his awards and honors be made, but that it be said that he tried to "feed the hungry", "clothe the naked", "be right on the [Vietnam] war question", and "love and serve humanity.

Two months after King's death, James Earl Ray —who was on the loose from a previous prison escape—was captured at London Heathrow Airport while trying to leave England on a false Canadian passport.

He was using the alias Ramon George Sneyd on his way to white-ruled Rhodesia. He confessed to the assassination on March 10, , though he recanted this confession three days later.

He was sentenced to a year prison term. Ray's lawyers maintained he was a scapegoat similar to the way that John F. Kennedy's assassin Lee Harvey Oswald is seen by conspiracy theorists.

Jerry Ray said that he had assisted his brother on one such robbery. Those suspecting a conspiracy in the assassination point to the two successive ballistics tests which proved that a rifle similar to Ray's Remington Gamemaster had been the murder weapon.

Those tests did not implicate Ray's specific rifle. They said that it came from behind thick shrubbery near the boarding house—which had been cut away in the days following the assassination—and not from the boarding house window.

Two years later, King's widow Coretta Scott King and the couple's children won a wrongful death claim against Loyd Jowers and "other unknown co-conspirators.

The jury of six whites and six blacks found in favor of the King family, finding Jowers to be complicit in a conspiracy against King and that government agencies were party to the assassination.

Pepper represented the King family in the trial. In , the U. Department of Justice completed the investigation into Jowers' claims but did not find evidence to support allegations about conspiracy.

The investigation report recommended no further investigation unless some new reliable facts are presented. He stated, "It wasn't a racist thing; he thought Martin Luther King was connected with communism, and he wanted to get him out of the way.

Pepper's claims that the government killed King. The fact is there were saboteurs to disrupt the march. And within our own organization, we found a very key person who was on the government payroll.

So infiltration within, saboteurs from without and the press attacks. I will never believe that James Earl Ray had the motive, the money and the mobility to have done it himself.

Our government was very involved in setting the stage for and I think the escape route for James Earl Ray.

King's legacy includes influences on the Black Consciousness Movement and civil rights movement in South Africa. King influenced Irish politician and activist John Hume.

Hume, the former leader of the Social Democratic and Labour Party , cited King's legacy as quintessential to the Northern Irish civil rights movement and the signing of the Good Friday Agreement , calling him "one of my great heroes of the century.

Inspired by King's vision, it undertakes a range of activities across the UK as it seeks to "build cultures of peace. In , Newcastle University unveiled a bronze statue of King to celebrate the 50th anniversary of his honorary doctorate ceremony.

King's main legacy was to secure progress on civil rights in the U. This legislation was seen as a tribute to King's struggle in his final years to combat residential discrimination in the U.

Her purpose was to help them understand King's death as it related to racism, something they little understood as they lived in a predominantly white community.

King has become a national icon in the history of American liberalism and American progressivism. King's wife Coretta Scott King followed in her husband's footsteps and was active in matters of social justice and civil rights until her death in The same year that Martin Luther King was assassinated, she established the King Center in Atlanta, Georgia, dedicated to preserving his legacy and the work of championing nonviolent conflict resolution and tolerance worldwide.

Even within the King family, members disagree about his religious and political views about gay, lesbian, bisexual and transgender people.

King's widow Coretta publicly said that she believed her husband would have supported gay rights. On February 4, , at the Ebenezer Baptist Church, in speaking about how he wished to be remembered after his death, King stated:.

I'd like somebody to mention that day that Martin Luther King Jr. I'd like for somebody to say that day that Martin Luther King Jr. I want you to say that day that I tried to be right on the war question.

I want you to be able to say that day that I did try to feed the hungry. I want you to be able to say that day that I did try in my life to clothe those who were naked.

I want you to say on that day that I did try in my life to visit those who were in prison. And I want you to say that I tried to love and serve humanity.

Yes, if you want to say that I was a drum major. Say that I was a drum major for justice. Say that I was a drum major for peace.

I was a drum major for righteousness. And all of the other shallow things will not matter. I won't have any money to leave behind.

I won't have the fine and luxurious things of life to leave behind. But I just want to leave a committed life behind. King is remembered as a martyr by the Episcopal Church in the United States of America with an annual feast day on the anniversary of his death, April 4.

Beginning in , cities such as St. Louis, Missouri , and states established annual holidays to honor King. Following President George H.

Bush 's proclamation, the holiday is observed on the third Monday of January each year, near the time of King's birthday.

Day was officially observed in all fifty U. Utah previously celebrated the holiday at the same time but under the name Human Rights Day. As a Christian minister, King's main influence was Jesus Christ and the Christian gospels, which he would almost always quote in his religious meetings, speeches at church, and in public discourses.

King's faith was strongly based in Jesus' commandment of loving your neighbor as yourself , loving God above all, and loving your enemies, praying for them and blessing them.

His nonviolent thought was also based in the injunction to turn the other cheek in the Sermon on the Mount , and Jesus' teaching of putting the sword back into its place Matthew In another sermon, he stated:.

Before I was a civil rights leader, I was a preacher of the Gospel. This was my first calling and it still remains my greatest commitment.

You know, actually all that I do in civil rights I do because I consider it a part of my ministry. I have no other ambitions in life but to achieve excellence in the Christian ministry.

I don't plan to run for any political office. I don't plan to do anything but remain a preacher. And what I'm doing in this struggle, along with many others, grows out of my feeling that the preacher must be concerned about the whole man.

King's private writings show that he rejected biblical literalism ; he described the Bible as "mythological," doubted that Jesus was born of a virgin and did not believe that the story of Jonah and the whale was true.

Veteran African-American civil rights activist Bayard Rustin was King's first regular advisor on nonviolence.

Rustin had applied nonviolence with the Journey of Reconciliation campaign in the s, [] and Wofford had been promoting Gandhism to Southern blacks since the early s.

King had initially known little about Gandhi and rarely used the term "nonviolence" during his early years of activism in the early s. King initially believed in and practiced self-defense, even obtaining guns in his household as a means of defense against possible attackers.

The pacifists guided King by showing him the alternative of nonviolent resistance , arguing that this would be a better means to accomplish his goals of civil rights than self-defense.

King then vowed to no longer personally use arms. In the aftermath of the boycott, King wrote Stride Toward Freedom , which included the chapter Pilgrimage to Nonviolence.

King outlined his understanding of nonviolence, which seeks to win an opponent to friendship, rather than to humiliate or defeat him.

The chapter draws from an address by Wofford, with Rustin and Stanley Levison also providing guidance and ghostwriting. King was inspired by Gandhi and his success with nonviolent activism, and as a theology student, King described Gandhi as being one of the "individuals who greatly reveal the working of the Spirit of God".

In a radio address made during his final evening in India, King reflected, "Since being in India, I am more convinced than ever before that the method of nonviolent resistance is the most potent weapon available to oppressed people in their struggle for justice and human dignity.

King's admiration of Gandhi's nonviolence did not diminish in later years. He went so far as to hold up his example when receiving the Nobel Peace Prize in , hailing the "successful precedent" of using nonviolence "in a magnificent way by Mohandas K.

Gandhi to challenge the might of the British Empire He struggled only with the weapons of truth, soul force, non-injury and courage.

Another influence for King's nonviolent method was Henry David Thoreau 's essay On Civil Disobedience and its theme of refusing to cooperate with an evil system.

Even after renouncing his personal use of guns, King had a complex relationship with the phenomenon of self-defense in the movement.

He publicly discouraged it as a widespread practice, but acknowledged that it was sometimes necessary. King was an avid supporter of Native American rights.

Native Americans were also active supporters of King's civil rights movement which included the active participation of Native Americans. Our nation was born in genocide when it embraced the doctrine that the original American, the Indian, was an inferior race.

Even before there were large numbers of Negroes on our shores, the scar of racial hatred had already disfigured colonial society. From the sixteenth century forward, blood flowed in battles over racial supremacy.

We are perhaps the only nation which tried as a matter of national policy to wipe out its indigenous population. Moreover, we elevated that tragic experience into a noble crusade.

Indeed, even today we have not permitted ourselves to reject or to feel remorse for this shameful episode. Our literature, our films, our drama, our folklore all exalt it.

King assisted Native American people in south Alabama in the late s. The South had many egregious racial problems: In this case, light-complexioned Native children were allowed to ride school buses to previously all white schools, while dark-skinned Native children from the same band were barred from riding the same buses.

He promptly responded and through his intervention the problem was quickly resolved. He put into words his belief that one must not use force in this struggle "but match the violence of his opponents with his suffering.

On the spur of the moment Dr. During the March on Washington there was a sizable Native American contingent, including many from South Dakota, and many from the Navajo nation.

King was a major inspiration along with the civil rights movement which inspired the Native American rights movement of the s and many of its leaders.

Inspired by Dr. King, who was advancing the civil rights agenda of equality under the laws of this country, we thought that we could also use the laws to advance our Indianship, to live as tribes in our territories governed by our own laws under the principles of tribal sovereignty that had been with us ever since We believed that we could fight for a policy of self-determination that was consistent with U.

They both have weaknesses And I'm not inextricably bound to either party. Actually, the Negro has been betrayed by both the Republican and the Democratic party.

The Democrats have betrayed him by capitulating to the whims and caprices of the Southern Dixiecrats. The Republicans have betrayed him by capitulating to the blatant hypocrisy of reactionary right wing northern Republicans.

And this coalition of southern Dixiecrats and right wing reactionary northern Republicans defeats every bill and every move towards liberal legislation in the area of civil rights.

Although King never publicly supported a political party or candidate for president, in a letter to a civil rights supporter in October he said that he had not decided whether he would vote for Adlai Stevenson II or Dwight D.

Eisenhower at the presidential election , but that "In the past I always voted the Democratic ticket.

Kennedy : "I felt that Kennedy would make the best president. I never came out with an endorsement. My father did, but I never made one.

In , King urged his supporters "and all people of goodwill" to vote against Republican Senator Barry Goldwater for president, saying that his election "would be a tragedy, and certainly suicidal almost, for the nation and the world.

King supported the ideals of democratic socialism , although he was reluctant to speak directly of this support due to the anti-communist sentiment being projected throughout the United States at the time, and the association of socialism with communism.

King believed that capitalism could not adequately provide the basic necessities of many American people, particularly the African-American community.

King stated that black Americans, as well as other disadvantaged Americans, should be compensated for historical wrongs. In an interview conducted for Playboy in , he said that granting black Americans only equality could not realistically close the economic gap between them and whites.

He posited that "the money spent would be more than amply justified by the benefits that would accrue to the nation through a spectacular decline in school dropouts, family breakups, crime rates, illegitimacy, swollen relief rolls, rioting and other social evils.

He stated, "It should benefit the disadvantaged of all races. Recently, the press has been filled with reports of sightings of flying saucers.

While we need not give credence to these stories, they allow our imagination to speculate on how visitors from outer space would judge us.

I am afraid they would be stupefied at our conduct. They would observe that for death planning we spend billions to create engines and strategies for war.

They would also observe that we spend millions to prevent death by disease and other causes. Finally they would observe that we spend paltry sums for population planning , even though its spontaneous growth is an urgent threat to life on our planet.

Our visitors from outer space could be forgiven if they reported home that our planet is inhabited by a race of insane men whose future is bleak and uncertain.

There is no human circumstance more tragic than the persisting existence of a harmful condition for which a remedy is readily available. Family planning , to relate population to world resources , is possible, practical and necessary.

Unlike plagues of the dark ages or contemporary diseases we do not yet understand, the modern plague of overpopulation is soluble by means we have discovered and with resources we possess.

What is lacking is not sufficient knowledge of the solution but universal consciousness of the gravity of the problem and education of the billions who are its victims Actress Nichelle Nichols planned to leave the science-fiction television series Star Trek in after its first season , wanting to return to musical theater.

King explained that her character signified a future of greater racial harmony and cooperation. Keep doing what you're doing, you are our inspiration.

And I thanked him and I told him I was leaving the show. All the smile came off his face. And he said, 'Don't you understand for the first time we're seen as we should be seen.

You don't have a black role. You have an equal role. FBI director J. Edgar Hoover personally ordered surveillance of King, with the intent to undermine his power as a civil rights leader.

Kennedy to proceed with wiretapping of King's phone lines, purportedly due to his association with Stanley Levison. The Bureau placed wiretaps on the home and office phone lines of both Levison and King, and bugged King's rooms in hotels as he traveled across the country.

In a secret operation code-named " Minaret ", the National Security Agency monitored the communications of leading Americans, including King, who were critical of the U.

For years, Hoover had been suspicious of potential influence of communists in social movements such as labor unions and civil rights.

Due to the relationship between King and Stanley Levison, the FBI feared Levison was working as an "agent of influence" over King, in spite of its own reports in that Levison had left the Party and was no longer associated in business dealings with them.

Despite the extensive surveillance conducted, by the FBI had acknowledged that it had not obtained any evidence that King himself or the SCLC were actually involved with any communist organizations.

For his part, King adamantly denied having any connections to communism. In a Playboy interview, he stated that "there are as many Communists in this freedom movement as there are Eskimos in Florida.

The attempts to prove that King was a communist was related to the feeling of many segregationists that blacks in the South were content with the status quo, but had been stirred up by "communists" and "outside agitators.

King said that "the Negro revolution is a genuine revolution, born from the same womb that produces all massive social upheavals—the womb of intolerable conditions and unendurable situations.

CIA files declassified in revealed that the agency was investigating possible links between King and Communism after a Washington Post article dated November 4, claimed he was invited to the Soviet Union and that Ralph Abernathy, as spokesman for King, refused to comment on the source of the invitation.

The FBI having concluded that King was dangerous due to communist infiltration, attempts to discredit King began through revelations regarding his private life.

FBI surveillance of King, some of it since made public, attempted to demonstrate that he also had numerous extramarital affairs.

Johnson once said that King was a "hypocritical preacher". In his autobiography And the Walls Came Tumbling Down , Ralph Abernathy stated that King had a "weakness for women", although they "all understood and believed in the biblical prohibition against sex outside of marriage.

It was just that he had a particularly difficult time with that temptation. Abernathy criticized the media for sensationalizing the statements he wrote about King's affairs, [] such as the allegation that he admitted in his book that King had a sexual affair the night before he was assassinated.

In his book Bearing the Cross , David Garrow wrote about a number of extramarital affairs, including one woman King saw almost daily.

According to Garrow, "that relationship The FBI distributed reports regarding such affairs to the executive branch, friendly reporters, potential coalition partners and funding sources of the SCLC, and King's family.

The American public, the church organizations that have been helping—Protestants, Catholics and Jews will know you for what you are—an evil beast.

So will others who have backed you. You are done. King, there is only one thing left for you to do.

You know what it is. You have just 34 days in which to do this exact number has been selected for a specific reason, it has definite practical significant [ sic ].

There is but one way out for you. You better take it before your filthy fraudulent self is bared to the nation. The letter was accompanied by a tape recording—excerpted from FBI wiretaps—of several of King's extramarital liaisons.

King to resign from the SCLC. In May , FBI files emerged indicating that King "looked on, laughed and offered advice" as one of his friends raped a woman.

His biographer, David Garrow , wrote that "the suggestion King records at Stanford University states that he came to the opposite conclusion of Garrow saying "None of this is new.

Garrow is talking about a recently added summary of a transcript of a recording from the Willard Hotel that others, including Mrs. King, have said they did not hear Martin's voice on it.

The added summary was four layers removed from the actual recording. This supposedly new information comes from an anonymous source in a single paragraph in an FBI report.

You have to ask how could anyone conclude King looked at a rape from an audio recording in a room where he was not present.

I have read scores of reports talking about the scurrilous activities of my husband but once again, there was nothing at all incriminating on the tape.

It was a social event with people laughing and telling dirty jokes. But I did not hear Martin's voice on it, and there was nothing about sex or anything else resembling the lies J.

Edgar and the FBI were spreading. A fire station was located across from the Lorraine Motel, next to the boarding house in which James Earl Ray was staying.

Police officers were stationed in the fire station to keep King under surveillance. Marrell McCollough, an undercover police officer, was the first person to administer first aid to King.

King was awarded at least fifty honorary degrees from colleges and universities. You have it all or you are not free. There are three urgent and indeed great problems that we face not only in the United States of America but all over the world today.

That is the problem of racism, the problem of poverty and the problem of war. The citation read:. He gazed upon the great wall of segregation and saw that the power of love could bring it down.

From the pain and exhaustion of his fight to fulfill the promises of our founding fathers for our humblest citizens, he wrung his eloquent statement of his dream for America.

He made our nation stronger because he made it better. His dream sustains us yet. King and his wife were also awarded the Congressional Gold Medal in Among the planned designs are images from King's "I Have a Dream" speech and the concert by opera singer Marian Anderson.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For the monk who started the Reformation, see Martin Luther. American activist and leader in the civil rights movement.

The Reverend. Coretta Scott. Yolanda Martin Dexter Bernice. Martin Luther King Sr. Alberta Williams King.

This article is part of a series about. Eine Mehrheit fand das Gesetz jedoch erst Ferner warf er King vor, gegen den Vietnamkrieg gewesen zu sein, und unterstellte ihm Sympathien für den Kommunismus.

November Der neu geschaffene Bundesfeiertag wurde erstmals am Januar begangen. Anfangs hatten einzelne Bundesstaaten davon abgesehen, den Feiertag als Landesfeiertag zu deklarieren.

Martin Luther King Feiertag Die Börsen haben allerdings geschlossen. Als relativ neuer Feiertag haben sich bislang keine ausgeprägten Traditionen entwickelt, die mit dem Feiertag zusammenhängen. As a political organizer, supremely skilled orator and advocate of nonviolent protest, King was pivotal in Beste Spielothek in HГ¶hhof finden his fellow Americans to end the legal segregation that prevailed throughout the South and parts of other regions, and in sparking support for the civil rights legislation that established the legal framework for Mobilebet equality in the United States. August in Washington D. Martin Luther King, Jr. Wer nach eigenen Events am Martin Luther King Day sucht, muss seine Reise allerdings speziell in Städten planen, in welchen der Tag als arbeitsfreier Tag für alle gilt. Anbieter dar. Egal ob in den Vereinigten Staaten, in Deutschland oder sonst wo GlГјckГџpiel Steuer der Welt. National Historic Site on famed Auburn Avenue just up the street from the renowned Ebenezer Baptist Church where the civil rights leader often preached. Wann ist Martin Luther King Day? Seine Ermordung am 4. Einsatz für die Gleichberechtigung der afroamerikanischen Bevölkerung zeigte nicht nur Zuspruch während seiner Lebzeiten. Die nächsten Feste und Feiertage.

He confessed to the assassination on March 10, , though he recanted this confession three days later. He was sentenced to a year prison term.

Ray's lawyers maintained he was a scapegoat similar to the way that John F. Kennedy's assassin Lee Harvey Oswald is seen by conspiracy theorists.

Jerry Ray said that he had assisted his brother on one such robbery. Those suspecting a conspiracy in the assassination point to the two successive ballistics tests which proved that a rifle similar to Ray's Remington Gamemaster had been the murder weapon.

Those tests did not implicate Ray's specific rifle. They said that it came from behind thick shrubbery near the boarding house—which had been cut away in the days following the assassination—and not from the boarding house window.

Two years later, King's widow Coretta Scott King and the couple's children won a wrongful death claim against Loyd Jowers and "other unknown co-conspirators.

The jury of six whites and six blacks found in favor of the King family, finding Jowers to be complicit in a conspiracy against King and that government agencies were party to the assassination.

Pepper represented the King family in the trial. In , the U. Department of Justice completed the investigation into Jowers' claims but did not find evidence to support allegations about conspiracy.

The investigation report recommended no further investigation unless some new reliable facts are presented.

He stated, "It wasn't a racist thing; he thought Martin Luther King was connected with communism, and he wanted to get him out of the way. Pepper's claims that the government killed King.

The fact is there were saboteurs to disrupt the march. And within our own organization, we found a very key person who was on the government payroll.

So infiltration within, saboteurs from without and the press attacks. I will never believe that James Earl Ray had the motive, the money and the mobility to have done it himself.

Our government was very involved in setting the stage for and I think the escape route for James Earl Ray. King's legacy includes influences on the Black Consciousness Movement and civil rights movement in South Africa.

King influenced Irish politician and activist John Hume. Hume, the former leader of the Social Democratic and Labour Party , cited King's legacy as quintessential to the Northern Irish civil rights movement and the signing of the Good Friday Agreement , calling him "one of my great heroes of the century.

Inspired by King's vision, it undertakes a range of activities across the UK as it seeks to "build cultures of peace. In , Newcastle University unveiled a bronze statue of King to celebrate the 50th anniversary of his honorary doctorate ceremony.

King's main legacy was to secure progress on civil rights in the U. This legislation was seen as a tribute to King's struggle in his final years to combat residential discrimination in the U.

Her purpose was to help them understand King's death as it related to racism, something they little understood as they lived in a predominantly white community.

King has become a national icon in the history of American liberalism and American progressivism.

King's wife Coretta Scott King followed in her husband's footsteps and was active in matters of social justice and civil rights until her death in The same year that Martin Luther King was assassinated, she established the King Center in Atlanta, Georgia, dedicated to preserving his legacy and the work of championing nonviolent conflict resolution and tolerance worldwide.

Even within the King family, members disagree about his religious and political views about gay, lesbian, bisexual and transgender people.

King's widow Coretta publicly said that she believed her husband would have supported gay rights. On February 4, , at the Ebenezer Baptist Church, in speaking about how he wished to be remembered after his death, King stated:.

I'd like somebody to mention that day that Martin Luther King Jr. I'd like for somebody to say that day that Martin Luther King Jr.

I want you to say that day that I tried to be right on the war question. I want you to be able to say that day that I did try to feed the hungry.

I want you to be able to say that day that I did try in my life to clothe those who were naked. I want you to say on that day that I did try in my life to visit those who were in prison.

And I want you to say that I tried to love and serve humanity. Yes, if you want to say that I was a drum major.

Say that I was a drum major for justice. Say that I was a drum major for peace. I was a drum major for righteousness.

And all of the other shallow things will not matter. I won't have any money to leave behind. I won't have the fine and luxurious things of life to leave behind.

But I just want to leave a committed life behind. King is remembered as a martyr by the Episcopal Church in the United States of America with an annual feast day on the anniversary of his death, April 4.

Beginning in , cities such as St. Louis, Missouri , and states established annual holidays to honor King.

Following President George H. Bush 's proclamation, the holiday is observed on the third Monday of January each year, near the time of King's birthday.

Day was officially observed in all fifty U. Utah previously celebrated the holiday at the same time but under the name Human Rights Day.

As a Christian minister, King's main influence was Jesus Christ and the Christian gospels, which he would almost always quote in his religious meetings, speeches at church, and in public discourses.

King's faith was strongly based in Jesus' commandment of loving your neighbor as yourself , loving God above all, and loving your enemies, praying for them and blessing them.

His nonviolent thought was also based in the injunction to turn the other cheek in the Sermon on the Mount , and Jesus' teaching of putting the sword back into its place Matthew In another sermon, he stated:.

Before I was a civil rights leader, I was a preacher of the Gospel. This was my first calling and it still remains my greatest commitment.

You know, actually all that I do in civil rights I do because I consider it a part of my ministry. I have no other ambitions in life but to achieve excellence in the Christian ministry.

I don't plan to run for any political office. I don't plan to do anything but remain a preacher. And what I'm doing in this struggle, along with many others, grows out of my feeling that the preacher must be concerned about the whole man.

King's private writings show that he rejected biblical literalism ; he described the Bible as "mythological," doubted that Jesus was born of a virgin and did not believe that the story of Jonah and the whale was true.

Veteran African-American civil rights activist Bayard Rustin was King's first regular advisor on nonviolence. Rustin had applied nonviolence with the Journey of Reconciliation campaign in the s, [] and Wofford had been promoting Gandhism to Southern blacks since the early s.

King had initially known little about Gandhi and rarely used the term "nonviolence" during his early years of activism in the early s.

King initially believed in and practiced self-defense, even obtaining guns in his household as a means of defense against possible attackers.

The pacifists guided King by showing him the alternative of nonviolent resistance , arguing that this would be a better means to accomplish his goals of civil rights than self-defense.

King then vowed to no longer personally use arms. In the aftermath of the boycott, King wrote Stride Toward Freedom , which included the chapter Pilgrimage to Nonviolence.

King outlined his understanding of nonviolence, which seeks to win an opponent to friendship, rather than to humiliate or defeat him.

The chapter draws from an address by Wofford, with Rustin and Stanley Levison also providing guidance and ghostwriting.

King was inspired by Gandhi and his success with nonviolent activism, and as a theology student, King described Gandhi as being one of the "individuals who greatly reveal the working of the Spirit of God".

In a radio address made during his final evening in India, King reflected, "Since being in India, I am more convinced than ever before that the method of nonviolent resistance is the most potent weapon available to oppressed people in their struggle for justice and human dignity.

King's admiration of Gandhi's nonviolence did not diminish in later years. He went so far as to hold up his example when receiving the Nobel Peace Prize in , hailing the "successful precedent" of using nonviolence "in a magnificent way by Mohandas K.

Gandhi to challenge the might of the British Empire He struggled only with the weapons of truth, soul force, non-injury and courage. Another influence for King's nonviolent method was Henry David Thoreau 's essay On Civil Disobedience and its theme of refusing to cooperate with an evil system.

Even after renouncing his personal use of guns, King had a complex relationship with the phenomenon of self-defense in the movement. He publicly discouraged it as a widespread practice, but acknowledged that it was sometimes necessary.

King was an avid supporter of Native American rights. Native Americans were also active supporters of King's civil rights movement which included the active participation of Native Americans.

Our nation was born in genocide when it embraced the doctrine that the original American, the Indian, was an inferior race.

Even before there were large numbers of Negroes on our shores, the scar of racial hatred had already disfigured colonial society. From the sixteenth century forward, blood flowed in battles over racial supremacy.

We are perhaps the only nation which tried as a matter of national policy to wipe out its indigenous population. Moreover, we elevated that tragic experience into a noble crusade.

Indeed, even today we have not permitted ourselves to reject or to feel remorse for this shameful episode. Our literature, our films, our drama, our folklore all exalt it.

King assisted Native American people in south Alabama in the late s. The South had many egregious racial problems: In this case, light-complexioned Native children were allowed to ride school buses to previously all white schools, while dark-skinned Native children from the same band were barred from riding the same buses.

He promptly responded and through his intervention the problem was quickly resolved. He put into words his belief that one must not use force in this struggle "but match the violence of his opponents with his suffering.

On the spur of the moment Dr. During the March on Washington there was a sizable Native American contingent, including many from South Dakota, and many from the Navajo nation.

King was a major inspiration along with the civil rights movement which inspired the Native American rights movement of the s and many of its leaders.

Inspired by Dr. King, who was advancing the civil rights agenda of equality under the laws of this country, we thought that we could also use the laws to advance our Indianship, to live as tribes in our territories governed by our own laws under the principles of tribal sovereignty that had been with us ever since We believed that we could fight for a policy of self-determination that was consistent with U.

They both have weaknesses And I'm not inextricably bound to either party. Actually, the Negro has been betrayed by both the Republican and the Democratic party.

The Democrats have betrayed him by capitulating to the whims and caprices of the Southern Dixiecrats. The Republicans have betrayed him by capitulating to the blatant hypocrisy of reactionary right wing northern Republicans.

And this coalition of southern Dixiecrats and right wing reactionary northern Republicans defeats every bill and every move towards liberal legislation in the area of civil rights.

Although King never publicly supported a political party or candidate for president, in a letter to a civil rights supporter in October he said that he had not decided whether he would vote for Adlai Stevenson II or Dwight D.

Eisenhower at the presidential election , but that "In the past I always voted the Democratic ticket. Kennedy : "I felt that Kennedy would make the best president.

I never came out with an endorsement. My father did, but I never made one. In , King urged his supporters "and all people of goodwill" to vote against Republican Senator Barry Goldwater for president, saying that his election "would be a tragedy, and certainly suicidal almost, for the nation and the world.

King supported the ideals of democratic socialism , although he was reluctant to speak directly of this support due to the anti-communist sentiment being projected throughout the United States at the time, and the association of socialism with communism.

King believed that capitalism could not adequately provide the basic necessities of many American people, particularly the African-American community.

King stated that black Americans, as well as other disadvantaged Americans, should be compensated for historical wrongs.

In an interview conducted for Playboy in , he said that granting black Americans only equality could not realistically close the economic gap between them and whites.

He posited that "the money spent would be more than amply justified by the benefits that would accrue to the nation through a spectacular decline in school dropouts, family breakups, crime rates, illegitimacy, swollen relief rolls, rioting and other social evils.

He stated, "It should benefit the disadvantaged of all races. Recently, the press has been filled with reports of sightings of flying saucers.

While we need not give credence to these stories, they allow our imagination to speculate on how visitors from outer space would judge us.

I am afraid they would be stupefied at our conduct. They would observe that for death planning we spend billions to create engines and strategies for war.

They would also observe that we spend millions to prevent death by disease and other causes. Finally they would observe that we spend paltry sums for population planning , even though its spontaneous growth is an urgent threat to life on our planet.

Our visitors from outer space could be forgiven if they reported home that our planet is inhabited by a race of insane men whose future is bleak and uncertain.

There is no human circumstance more tragic than the persisting existence of a harmful condition for which a remedy is readily available.

Family planning , to relate population to world resources , is possible, practical and necessary. Unlike plagues of the dark ages or contemporary diseases we do not yet understand, the modern plague of overpopulation is soluble by means we have discovered and with resources we possess.

What is lacking is not sufficient knowledge of the solution but universal consciousness of the gravity of the problem and education of the billions who are its victims Actress Nichelle Nichols planned to leave the science-fiction television series Star Trek in after its first season , wanting to return to musical theater.

King explained that her character signified a future of greater racial harmony and cooperation. Keep doing what you're doing, you are our inspiration.

And I thanked him and I told him I was leaving the show. All the smile came off his face. And he said, 'Don't you understand for the first time we're seen as we should be seen.

You don't have a black role. You have an equal role. FBI director J. Edgar Hoover personally ordered surveillance of King, with the intent to undermine his power as a civil rights leader.

Kennedy to proceed with wiretapping of King's phone lines, purportedly due to his association with Stanley Levison.

The Bureau placed wiretaps on the home and office phone lines of both Levison and King, and bugged King's rooms in hotels as he traveled across the country.

In a secret operation code-named " Minaret ", the National Security Agency monitored the communications of leading Americans, including King, who were critical of the U.

For years, Hoover had been suspicious of potential influence of communists in social movements such as labor unions and civil rights.

Due to the relationship between King and Stanley Levison, the FBI feared Levison was working as an "agent of influence" over King, in spite of its own reports in that Levison had left the Party and was no longer associated in business dealings with them.

Despite the extensive surveillance conducted, by the FBI had acknowledged that it had not obtained any evidence that King himself or the SCLC were actually involved with any communist organizations.

For his part, King adamantly denied having any connections to communism. In a Playboy interview, he stated that "there are as many Communists in this freedom movement as there are Eskimos in Florida.

The attempts to prove that King was a communist was related to the feeling of many segregationists that blacks in the South were content with the status quo, but had been stirred up by "communists" and "outside agitators.

King said that "the Negro revolution is a genuine revolution, born from the same womb that produces all massive social upheavals—the womb of intolerable conditions and unendurable situations.

CIA files declassified in revealed that the agency was investigating possible links between King and Communism after a Washington Post article dated November 4, claimed he was invited to the Soviet Union and that Ralph Abernathy, as spokesman for King, refused to comment on the source of the invitation.

The FBI having concluded that King was dangerous due to communist infiltration, attempts to discredit King began through revelations regarding his private life.

FBI surveillance of King, some of it since made public, attempted to demonstrate that he also had numerous extramarital affairs.

Johnson once said that King was a "hypocritical preacher". In his autobiography And the Walls Came Tumbling Down , Ralph Abernathy stated that King had a "weakness for women", although they "all understood and believed in the biblical prohibition against sex outside of marriage.

It was just that he had a particularly difficult time with that temptation. Abernathy criticized the media for sensationalizing the statements he wrote about King's affairs, [] such as the allegation that he admitted in his book that King had a sexual affair the night before he was assassinated.

In his book Bearing the Cross , David Garrow wrote about a number of extramarital affairs, including one woman King saw almost daily. According to Garrow, "that relationship The FBI distributed reports regarding such affairs to the executive branch, friendly reporters, potential coalition partners and funding sources of the SCLC, and King's family.

The American public, the church organizations that have been helping—Protestants, Catholics and Jews will know you for what you are—an evil beast.

So will others who have backed you. You are done. King, there is only one thing left for you to do.

You know what it is. You have just 34 days in which to do this exact number has been selected for a specific reason, it has definite practical significant [ sic ].

There is but one way out for you. You better take it before your filthy fraudulent self is bared to the nation. The letter was accompanied by a tape recording—excerpted from FBI wiretaps—of several of King's extramarital liaisons.

King to resign from the SCLC. In May , FBI files emerged indicating that King "looked on, laughed and offered advice" as one of his friends raped a woman.

His biographer, David Garrow , wrote that "the suggestion King records at Stanford University states that he came to the opposite conclusion of Garrow saying "None of this is new.

Garrow is talking about a recently added summary of a transcript of a recording from the Willard Hotel that others, including Mrs.

King, have said they did not hear Martin's voice on it. The added summary was four layers removed from the actual recording. This supposedly new information comes from an anonymous source in a single paragraph in an FBI report.

You have to ask how could anyone conclude King looked at a rape from an audio recording in a room where he was not present. I have read scores of reports talking about the scurrilous activities of my husband but once again, there was nothing at all incriminating on the tape.

It was a social event with people laughing and telling dirty jokes. But I did not hear Martin's voice on it, and there was nothing about sex or anything else resembling the lies J.

Edgar and the FBI were spreading. A fire station was located across from the Lorraine Motel, next to the boarding house in which James Earl Ray was staying.

Police officers were stationed in the fire station to keep King under surveillance. Marrell McCollough, an undercover police officer, was the first person to administer first aid to King.

King was awarded at least fifty honorary degrees from colleges and universities. You have it all or you are not free. There are three urgent and indeed great problems that we face not only in the United States of America but all over the world today.

That is the problem of racism, the problem of poverty and the problem of war. The citation read:. He gazed upon the great wall of segregation and saw that the power of love could bring it down.

From the pain and exhaustion of his fight to fulfill the promises of our founding fathers for our humblest citizens, he wrung his eloquent statement of his dream for America.

He made our nation stronger because he made it better. His dream sustains us yet. King and his wife were also awarded the Congressional Gold Medal in Among the planned designs are images from King's "I Have a Dream" speech and the concert by opera singer Marian Anderson.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For the monk who started the Reformation, see Martin Luther. American activist and leader in the civil rights movement.

The Reverend. Coretta Scott. Yolanda Martin Dexter Bernice. Martin Luther King Sr. Alberta Williams King. This article is part of a series about.

See also: Martin Luther King Jr. Main article: Albany Movement. Main article: Birmingham campaign.

Play media. Main article: St. Augustine movement. Main article: Selma to Montgomery marches. Main article: March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom.

I Have a Dream. Main article: I Have a Dream. Main article: Chicago Freedom Movement. The black revolution is much more than a struggle for the rights of Negroes.

It is forcing America to face all its interrelated flaws—racism, poverty, militarism, and materialism.

It is exposing evils that are rooted deeply in the whole structure of our society. It reveals systemic rather than superficial flaws and suggests that radical reconstruction of society itself is the real issue to be faced.

America is a hypocritical nation and [we] must put [our] own house in order. Main article: Poor People's Campaign.

I've Been to the Mountaintop. Further information: King assassination riots. See also: Black Consciousness Movement. See also: Northern Ireland civil rights movement.

Main article: Martin Luther King Jr. World peace through nonviolent means is neither absurd nor unattainable.

All other methods have failed. Thus we must begin anew. Nonviolence is a good starting point. Those of us who believe in this method can be voices of reason, sanity, and understanding amid the voices of violence, hatred, and emotion.

We can very well set a mood of peace out of which a system of peace can be built. See also: Reparations for slavery debate in the United States.

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Archived from the original on January 30, Harvard University Press. Chicago: City Guide. Lonely Planet. Jesse Jackson. Holloway House Publishing.

LSU Press. See also: Miller, Keith D. Meet Martin Luther King, Jr. Rosen Publishing Group. The Betrayal of the Urban Poor.

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In den er Jahren schlossen sich Gewerkschaften der Unterstützungsbewegung an. Eine Mehrheit fand das Gesetz jedoch erst Ferner warf er King vor, gegen den Vietnamkrieg gewesen zu sein, und unterstellte ihm Sympathien für den Kommunismus.

November Der neu geschaffene Bundesfeiertag wurde erstmals am Januar begangen. Anfangs hatten einzelne Bundesstaaten davon abgesehen, den Feiertag als Landesfeiertag zu deklarieren.

Als relativ neuer Feiertag haben sich bislang keine ausgeprägten Traditionen entwickelt, die mit dem Feiertag zusammenhängen.

Martin Luther King Feiertag - Traditionen, Events und Bräuche

Hintergründe relativ gut dokumentiert. Ist Martin Luther King Jr. Schon kurz nach der Ermordung macht sich der afro-amerikanische Kongressabgeordnete John Conyers zum ersten Mal dafür stark, Martin Luther King einen Feiertag zu widmen.

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